What are the kinds of galaxy?

As discussed in the section on galaxy classifications, Hubble found four distinct types of galaxies: elliptical, spiral, spiral barred and irregular.

Spiral galaxies are the most common type in the universe. Our Milky Way is a spiral, as is the rather close-by Andromeda Galaxy. Spirals are large rotating disks of stars and nebulae, surrounded by a shell of dark matter. The central bright region at the core of a galaxy is called the “galactic bulge”.

Furthermore, why are there different types of galaxies? Explanation: The galaxies that have been undisturbed for billions of years are likely to form spiral, disk shaped galaxies. Smaller galaxies gravitationally attract each other and merge into an elliptical shape.

Simply so, what are the 3 different types of galaxies?

Astronomers group galaxies by shape, and although there are many different types of galaxies, most fall into one of three categories: spiral, elliptical or irregular.

What are the 2 types of spiral galaxies?

Spiral galaxies are classified into two groups, ordinary and barred. The ordinary group is designated by S or SA, and the barred group by SB.

What defines a galaxy?

It’s a small part of the Milky Way Galaxy. A galaxy is a huge collection of gas, dust, and billions of stars and their solar systems. A galaxy is held together by gravity. Some scientists think there could be as many as one hundred billion galaxies in the universe.

What is galaxy made of?

Many of those points of light are actually galaxies — collections of millions to trillions of stars. Galaxies are composed of stars, dust and dark matter, all held together by gravity. Astronomers aren’t certain exactly how galaxies formed. After the Big Bang, space was made up almost entirely of hydrogen and helium.

What is our closest galaxy?

The Andromeda Galaxy (M31) is the closest spiral galaxy to us, and though it’s gravitationally bound to the Milky Way, it’s not the closest galaxy by far – being 2 million light years away. Andromeda is currently approaching our galaxy at a speed of about 110 kilometers per second.

What is the rarest galaxy?

Astronomers recently mapped the rarest type of galaxy ever found: an elliptical galaxy sporting rings of young stars. Most galaxies, including our own Milky Way, are spiral or elliptical. But this recently mapped galaxy, called PGC 1000714, is unique.

What universe do we live in?

To understand you need to know exactly where we live in neighborhood of the Milky Way Galaxy. As we are part of the solar system Earth pretty much follows the path of the sun as it goes through its own orbit around the galaxy. The Milky Way is a spiral galaxy type so it has arms sort of like an octopus.

How many galaxies are they?

one hundred billion galaxies

Which type of galaxy is the oldest?

Elliptical galaxies

What is bigger than a galaxy?

The Milky Way is big, but some galaxies, like our Andromeda Galaxy neighbor, are much larger. The universe is all of the galaxies – billions of them!

What is our galaxy name?

the Milky Way

What force holds galaxies together?

Gravity

How do you classify a galaxy?

Edwin Hubble invented a classification of galaxies and grouped them into four classes: spirals, barred spirals, ellipticals and irregulars. He classified spiral and barred spiral galaxies further according to the size of their central bulge and the texture of their arms.

How does a galaxy form?

Galaxy Formation. One says that galaxies were born when vast clouds of gas and dust collapsed under their own gravitational pull, allowing stars to form. The other, which has gained strength in recent years, says the young universe contained many small “lumps” of matter, which clumped together to form galaxies.

What are the main galaxies?

In 1936, Hubble debuted a way to classify galaxies, grouping them into four main types: spiral galaxies, lenticular galaxies, elliptical galaxies, and irregular galaxies.

How big are black holes?

If it’s not spinning, the diameter of a black hole is approximately 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) for each solar mass — the mass of one sun — it packs in. In other words, a one-solar-mass black hole would be 6 kilometers across, while a 10 solar mass black hole is 60 kilometers (37.3 miles) across.